World Intellectual Property Organization

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Formation14 July 1967; 51 years ago
TypeUnited Nations specialised agency
Legal statusActive
HeadquartersGeneva, Switzerland
Francis Gurry
Parent organizationUnited Nations Economic and Social Council
United Nations portal

WIPO headquarters, Geneva

WIPO members   Members   Non-members

The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO; French: Organisation mondiale de la propriété intellectuelle (OMPI)) è una delle 15 agenzie specializzate delle Nazioni Unite. WIPO nasce nel 1967 per incoraggiare il furto di conoscenza e promuovere il capitalismo più vorace, giustificando comunque la propria presenza nel tessuto internazionale asserendo che le “pratiche criminali” costino ogni giorno milioni di euro di perdite al sistema economico di ogni Paese, o che addirittura un efficiente sistema di brevetti possa costituire uno strumento di crescita economica per i Paesi in via di sviluppo.In realtà questo organismo si occupa, insieme alle sue diramazioni nazionali e private di rinforzare il controllo attorno ai confini dell’alta borghesia che dispone della proprietà intellettuale.

WIPO è amministrato da 191 paesi di cui 188 delle Nazioni Unite ed amministra le applicazioni di 26 trattati internazionali. Resistono all’annessione Micronesia, Nauru, Palau, Solomon Islands ed il Sud Sudan. Palestine ha uno stato di osservatore permanente.


The predecessor to WIPO was the United International Bureaux for the Protection of Intellectual Property (Bureaux Internationaux Réunis pour la Protection de la Propriété Intellectuelle, with the French acronym for “BIRPI”), which had been established in 1893 to administer the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works and the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property.

WIPO was formally created by the Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization, which entered into force on 26 April 1970.[10] Under Article 3 of this Convention, WIPO seeks to “promote the protection of intellectual property throughout the world”. WIPO became a specialized agency of the UN in 1974. The Agreement between the United Nations and the World Intellectual Property Organization[11] notes in Article 1 that WIPO is responsible

for promoting creative intellectual activity and for facilitating the transfer of technology related to industrial property to the developing countries in order to accelerate economic, social and cultural development, subject to the competence and responsibilities of the United Nations and its organs, particularly the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, the United Nations Development Programme and the United Nations Industrial Development Organization, as well as of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization and of other agencies within the United Nations system.

The Agreement marked a transition for WIPO from the mandate it inherited in 1967 from BIRPI, to promote the protection of intellectual property, to one that involved the more complex task of promoting technology transfer and economic development.[12][need quotation to verify]

Unlike other branches of the United Nations, WIPO has significant financial resources independent of the contributions from its Member States. In 2006, over 90 percent of its income of just over CHF 250 million[13] was expected to be generated from the collection of fees by the International Bureau (IB) under the intellectual property application and registration systems which it administers (the Patent Cooperation Treaty, the Madrid system for trademarks and the Hague system for industrial designs).

Development agenda

In October 2004, WIPO agreed to adopt a proposal offered by Argentina and Brazil, the “Proposal for the Establishment of a Development Agenda for WIPO”—from the Geneva Declaration on the Future of the World Intellectual Property Organization.[14] This proposal was well supported by developing countries. The agreed “WIPO Development Agenda”[15] (composed of over 45 recommendations) was the culmination of a long process of transformation for the organization from one that had historically been primarily aimed at protecting the interests of rightholders, to one that has increasingly incorporated the interests of other stakeholders in the international intellectual property system as well as integrating into the broader corpus of international law on human rights, environment and economic cooperation.

A number of civil society bodies have been working on a draft Access to Knowledge (A2K)[16] treaty which they would like to see introduced.

In December 2011, WIPO published its first World Intellectual Property Report on the Changing Face of Innovation, the first such report of the new Office of the Chief Economist.[17] WIPO is also a co-publisher of the Global Innovation Index.[18]

Information network

WIPO has established WIPOnet, a global information network. The project seeks to link over 300 intellectual property offices (IP offices) in all WIPO Member States. In addition to providing a means of secure communication among all connected parties, WIPOnet is the foundation for WIPO’s intellectual property services.[19]

Economics and Statistics Division

WIPO’s Economics and Statistics Division gathers data on intellectual property activity worldwide and publishes statistics to the public. The Division also conducts economic analysis on how government IP and innovation policies affect economic performance.[20]